Periodontal simply means “the tissue surrounding the teeth.” Plaque left on the teeth is the most common contributor to periodontal disease. When plaque is not cleaned properly from the teeth with regular dental cleanings, periodontal-related problems will develop.
Unfortunately, periodontal-related problems are often discovered after they have persisted for an extended period of time. Proper oral hygiene, daily dental care, and regular dental checkups will minimize the risk of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease ranges from mild gingivitis to moderate periodontitis to severe periodontitis. Treatments are available for every case. The goal is to treat periodontal disease before surgery is necessary.
The effects of periodontal disease can be damaging to your overall health. Through proper preventive care and oral hygiene, you can avoid problems associated with periodontal disease.
Common problems associated with gum disease:
- “Long” teeth (receding gum lines expose the root portions of your teeth and cause root decay)
- Discolored or deteriorating tooth structure
- Gum depressions (holes in between the teeth in the gum tissue)
- Infected gum line (discoloration or inflammation of the gum tissue)
- Tooth loss or tooth movement